Symptoms & Treatments of Zika Virus – Potential Threats To Newborns

Zika Virus

Zika Virus, a disquieting and alarming infection that is linked to thousands of babies being born with abnormally small heads, is spreading intensely across the globe.

Recently, this Virus is causing a flaring health scare across tropical and subtropical regions of the America, where it has almost spread to over 20 countries. The latest cases of Zika have been reported in Arkansas, California & Virginia.

What is Zika Virus?

The Zika virus got its name from Zika forest in Uganda, Africa. It was first detected in Rhesus monkey in 1947 and was reported in Humans in 1952. It is transmitted by the Aedes  Aegypti mosquito, which is also responsible for the spread of dengue and chikungunya.

Why Zika Virus Is An Outbreak Alarming?

symptoms of zika virus

Zika virus is catching global attention due to its alarming connection with microcephaly, a neurological disorder in babies being born with abnormally small heads. Babies born with microcephaly have slow brain development and limited life expectancy.

It is a lifetime disorder with unrecognized treatment. In some cases, infants show no signs other than small head size, but doctors still need to examine their growth regularly.

Reports from several countries, most notably Brazil, has reported 150 cases of microcephaly and more than 3,500 cases since October 2015 which shows a  remarkable upsurge of this deadly state of order.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a rare autoimmune disorder that causes life-threating paralysis is also found linked to Zika virus in many countries.

How Does The Zika Virus Transmzka virus cycleits?

Zika virus is transmitted by mosquitoes of Aedes species. When an Aedes mosquito bites someone with an active infection and then spread the virus by biting others and the cycle goes on.

The Zika virus has been found mainly in tropical regions of Africa, Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia. An outbreak of the disease in Brazil led to an alarming alert by Pan America Health Organization last May.

Due to the presence of Aedes species mosquitoes throughout the world, it is more likely to spread to new countries in coming days.

Symptoms of Zika Virus Infection

  • Low-Grade Fever
  • Rashes
  • Joint Pain, Muscle Pain & Headache
  • Conjunctivitis (Red Eyes)
  • Arthralgia

Hospitalization is uncommon and symptoms usually last for several days up to a week.


  • The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya
  • Visit the doctor if you notice the symptoms described above



No specific vaccines or medications are available yet to treat Zika Virus infection.

Still you can go for these medications and tips to relieve symptoms.

  • Drink lot of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • To relieve fever and pain take medicines like paracetamol or acetaminophen.
  • During the first week of infection, Zika virus is present in blood and can be passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bite so; avoid mosquito bites in the first week of illness.
  • Before taking any additional medicine, consult your doctor.

What‘s Being Done to Stop Zika Virus?

Zika Treatments

Researchers are constantly working in laboratories around the world trying to create a Zika vaccine. Until those efforts become successful, health officials are implementing a traditional mosquito control technique that includes Emptying standing water receptacles where mosquitoes breed and Spraying Pesticides.

  1. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID) in the US is also working on testing new drugs that prove effective against the Zika virus.
  2. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, and the Canadian government have issued travel advisories, which warn tourists to defend themselves from mosquito bites.
  3. Furthermore, the Brazilian government is also recommending women to delay pregnancies, if possible till the outbreak is under control.

We have gathered all the information what we could, now it’s your duty to take precautions and stay protected from Zika Virus.

Stay tuned for latest updates. Share Your Thoughts in Comments.

Ask Zika Virus Related Questions in Comment Box!

Jenny Jasmine
Independent Nutrition Consultant & Regulatory Specialist in Food & Health Supplement Industries with over 6 years of experience. Highly proficient in all aspects of EU food law ensuring products and marketing copy is legally compliant. Get Me on Social Channels:   About Me Facebook     Instagram     Google+     LinkedIn


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