Zika Virus, a disquieting and alarming infection that is linked to thousands of babies being born with abnormally small heads, is spreading intensely across the globe.
Recently, this Virus is causing a flaring health scare across tropical and subtropical regions of the America, where it has almost spread to over 20 countries. The latest cases of Zika have been reported in Arkansas, California & Virginia.
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The Zika virus got its name from Zika forest in Uganda, Africa. It was first detected in Rhesus monkey in 1947 and was reported in Humans in 1952. It is transmitted by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, which is also responsible for the spread of dengue and chikungunya.
Zika virus is catching global attention due to its alarming connection with microcephaly, a neurological disorder in babies being born with abnormally small heads. Babies born with microcephaly have slow brain development and limited life expectancy.
It is a lifetime disorder with unrecognized treatment. In some cases, infants show no signs other than small head size, but doctors still need to examine their growth regularly.
Reports from several countries, most notably Brazil, has reported 150 cases of microcephaly and more than 3,500 cases since October 2015 which shows a remarkable upsurge of this deadly state of order.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a rare autoimmune disorder that causes life-threating paralysis is also found linked to Zika virus in many countries.
Zika virus is transmitted by mosquitoes of Aedes species. When an Aedes mosquito bites someone with an active infection and then spread the virus by biting others and the cycle goes on.
The Zika virus has been found mainly in tropical regions of Africa, Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia. An outbreak of the disease in Brazil led to an alarming alert by Pan America Health Organization last May.
Due to the presence of Aedes species mosquitoes throughout the world, it is more likely to spread to new countries in coming days.
Hospitalization is uncommon and symptoms usually last for several days up to a week.
No specific vaccines or medications are available yet to treat Zika Virus infection.
Still you can go for these medications and tips to relieve symptoms.
Researchers are constantly working in laboratories around the world trying to create a Zika vaccine. Until those efforts become successful, health officials are implementing a traditional mosquito control technique that includes Emptying standing water receptacles where mosquitoes breed and Spraying Pesticides.